What Is The “Bait and Switch” When Is It Illegal?

What Is The “Bait and Switch” When Is It Illegal?

What Is The “Bait and Switch” When Is It Illegal?

Bait and switch is a cute term that refers to a nasty con game. If you’re the victim of a bait and switch scam you’ve purchased one item only to be given something that doesn’t match the description of what you purchased. Bait and switch typically involve businesses who use the tactic to lure customers in by advertising a great product at a fantastic price only to provide something that’s quite different.

Identifying That you Were a Victim of Bait and Switch

The FTC has done an excellent job of creating guidelines that clarify when a “bait and switch” situation has happened.

According to the FTC, you weren’t a victim of a bait and switch con if you:

✦ Were convinced to buy something different
✦ If the seller simply runs out of whatever item they were promoting, especially ...

California Probation Violations? Here’s What Happens in California

California Probation Violations? Here’s What Happens in California

California Probation Violations? Here’s What Happens in California

When you’re on probation, the courts will let you know what requirements you have to meet, but no one is going to hold your hand and remind you of those requirements every single day. It’s up to you to remember what you are and aren’t allowed to do. If you break violate your probation, no one will be interested in excuses.

The issue of probation violations in California is covered by Penal Code section 1203.3. The code gives the court the option to decide to revoke or modify your probation following a violation.

When your probation officer alerts the court to a violation, you’ll have to appear at a probation revocation hearing.

Probation revocation hearings are different from traditional trials. The prosecution doesn’t have to prove their case “beyond a reasonable doubt...

Distracted Driving in 2021

Distracted Driving in 2021

Distracted Driving in 2021

Most of us are familiar with drunk driving and know that it’s something we should avoid. Few of us know about distracted driving. Distracted driving is exactly what it sounds like. If you’re ticketed for distracted driving, it means that rather than paying attention to the road, the bulk of your attention was focused on something else.

Most distracted driving tickets are issued because the driver was using their cell phone while driving, but you can be ticketed for getting in an argument with your passengers, trying to set your navigation system while your vehicle is in motion, or even trying to mop up coffee that you’ve spilled all over yourself.

Distracted driving became a thing when manufacturers started installing radios in cars and people started getting into accidents becau...

Selling Real Estate Without a License

Selling Real Estate Without a License

Selling Real Estate Without a License

Selling real estate seems simple enough. Someone wants to sell their house. You know a few people who would be interested. You agree to act as a broker between everyone. Considering that people sell houses as “for sale by owner” all the time, what can possibly go wrong.

Yes, it’s possible that this could turn into a good deal for everyone, it can also go horribly sideways. While state laws do allow you to sell your house without the aid of a real estate agent, you’re not allowed to step in and act as a broker for another person unless you’ve been properly licensed by the state.

Getting a real estate license in California isn’t necessarily difficult, but it does require some commitment on your part...

What Happens When You Fail to Pay Parking Tickets

What Happens When You Fail to Pay

What Happens When You Fail to Pay

Parking tickets are a royal pain. The second you see the little slip of paper on your windshield, you know your weekly budget is about to take a hit. Considering how tight money is these days, it’s perfectly natural to wonder what would happen if you simply threw the parking ticket in the trash and pretended it never existed.

The good news is that you won’t be arrested for failing to pay a parking ticket. It’s not a criminal act, but don’t assume that just because you won’t go to jail that your actions won’t have consequences. They will.

The first thing that happens when you fail to pay your parking ticket on time is that the amount you owe increases.

The next step is if an officer notices that you’ve collected five unpaid parking tickets they can arrange to have your vehicl...

Crimes of Passion

Crimes of Passion

Crimes of Passion

There is something about the term “crime of passion” that causes many of us to think about romance and true love. The reality is that crimes of passion are not about showering a loved one with flowers and chocolate. Victims of crimes of passion will tell you that they are actually terrifying, life-altering acts that have more to do with fear than love.

What are Crimes of Passion

The legal definition of a crime of passion is, “a defendant’s excuse for committing a crime due to sudden anger or heartbreak, to eliminate the element of premeditation.”

A suspect is never charged with a crime of passion. That phrase is primarily used by the media and defense attorneys...

Mail Theft in California

Mail Theft in California

Mail Theft in California

Lawmakers aren’t fooling around when it comes to people messing with other people’s mail. The issue of mail theft is explored in US Code Section 1708. It’s important to understand that because mail theft involves the United States Postal Service, a federal agency, mail theft is considered a federal offense. The State of California will likely add a few charges as well.

What is Mail Theft

If you read US Code 18 Section 1708 you’ll learn that taking any piece of mail that wasn’t sent to you is considered mail theft. It doesn’t matter if the mail is taken directly from a post office employee, snatched from a mailbox, or snuck of a mail truck. It’s all mail theft.

Additional Offenses That Are Frequently Added to Mail Theft Charges

It’s rare for a person to be charged with jus...

The Legal Risk of Rolling Stops in California

The Legal Risk of Rolling Stops in California

The Legal Risk of Rolling Stops in California

You approach a stop sign. You step on the brake, slowing your vehicle. You look both ways and see that there’s no oncoming traffic. You drive through the intersection without completely stopping your vehicle. This is called a rolling stop. It’s a traffic violation that can cause you a great deal of grief.

The Problem with Rolling Stops

As a licensed driver, you’ve entered into a kind of unspoken agreement with the State of California that you’ll come to a complete stop each time you’re confronted with a stop sign or red stoplight. The problem with a rolling stop is that they can quickly become a dangerous habit. A large majority of traffic accidents are caused by rolling stops, particularly rolling stops that include a right turn on red...

What Is Criminal Conspiracy?

What Is Criminal Conspiracy?

What Is Criminal Conspiracy?

Everyone knows that there are certain actions out there that they can do that will be considered a crime. A person can’t take someone else’s car, break into a house, or create fake money without getting into trouble with the law. However, there are some crimes out there that people aren’t aware of, but they are still just as illegal.

Something that many people may not be aware of is that it is actually illegal just to plan to commit a crime. Even if the crime is never committed, a person can get into trouble for conspiring to commit the crime in the first place.

What Is Penal Code 182?

Here in California, this crime is defined under Penal Code (PC) 182 as two or more people agreeing to commit a crime and one of those persons committing an act to further the crime...

Fake Cops Are Conducting Traffic Stops

Fake Cops Are Conducting Traffic Stops

Fake Cops Are Conducting Traffic Stops

T
hese are unprecedented times. The world has not seen a pandemic this disastrous in a while, and this whole bit of self-isolation is shocking, to say the least. Being forced to stay home and only venture outside for necessary errands or jobs is stressful. However, as long as everyone follows the rules and stays home, the virus will struggle to spread and thousands, if not millions, of lives could be saved.

Needless to say, a lot of people are taking the stay-at-home orders seriously. Unfortunately, there is a part of the population that doesn’t see the dangers of going outside. These people are doing their best to live their lives as if the pandemic doesn’t exist, which can be dangerous. If not for them, then for someone they know who is more susceptible to diseases...